Aktau is the only port in Kazakhstan on the Caspian Sea. The city was founded in 1958 when oil, gas, and uranium were found nearby. Since then, the city has grown significantly, and the architecture of the city is spacious and beautifully designed. The city has a nuclear power plant and desalination plants. Swimming is allowed on the coast, the beaches are sandy but occasionally get dirty. Follow the locals, and you won't go wrong when it comes to choosing a place to swim. It is forbidden to consume alcohol in public places, although you will see locals not respecting the ban.