Ireland is an island nation on the westernmost edge of Europe. 80 percent of this island belongs to the Republic of Ireland, but the rest of it is in the north part of the United Kingdom. Ireland is known for its wide expanses of lush, green fields. That's why some call this beautiful country the Emerald Isle. But those who love mountains will also find a lot of breathtaking places to go and visit. Also, the midlands and west coast of Ireland are full of damp peat bogs. It is a country of bards and storytellers. Many famous writers are and were from Ireland, including some literature Nobel Prize winners too.