Koutammakou is one of Togo's most renowned sites. This fantastic village is located about five kilometers from the border with Benin in the northeast of the country. All the houses in this valley are built of mud, and their shape is reminiscent of European medieval fortresses. Some of these fairytale houses have two floors, some have conical roofs made of leaves, and some have a flat roof. Koutammakou, also known as the Land of the Batammariba, or Tamberma Valley, as it is named after the people who live here, has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list since 2004.