Inhaca Island is located in Maputo Bay of the Indian Ocean, next to the capital of Mozambique, Maputo. On the south side of the island is the Machangulo Peninsula. Only 7.000 years ago, the Canal de Santa Maria was created by the action of geological forces, which made Inhaca an island. The island is well known for its rich flora and fauna, both on the island itself and in the waters that surround it. About 300 species of birds, 160 species of corals, manta rays, sharks, sea turtles, many species of fish and sea animals can be found here, and it is not uncommon for whales to appear in the area. All this contributed to creating the Reserve da Inhaca on the island, to monitor and preserve the rich wildlife.