Diawling National Park occupies the area of the extreme southwest of Mauritania, a wetland on the banks of the Senegal River. Only the Senegal river separates it from the Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary in the Republic of Senegal. Numerous bird species, as well as mammals and plant species, have found a home in the national park. Also, this area is known for being affected by malaria and bilharzia, so caution and preventive measures are a must. Eurasian spoonbill herons, African spoonbill herons, greater flamingos, lesser flamingos, many species of storks, herons, and other birds can found habitat here. Mammals include primates, warthogs, the West African lion, the African golden wolf, and many more.